What are financial ratios and where can I find them?
Financial ratios compare values drawn from financial statements as a means of judging business performance. This process is called ratio analysis and is used by accountants, managers and investors. Ratios can be used to examine a company's performance over time or to compare a company to others in the same industry.
Numerous ratios are in common usage and calculation formulas are found in textbooks and reference resources in print or online.
Industry norms are averages of the ratios for companies in the same industry and often organized by NAICS or SIC.
Financial ratios can be used to judge corporate performance, develop business plans, identify credit risks, and to create investment strategies.
At Robert S. Young Library (Westside campus), we have three sources for finding financial ratios:
1. Almanac of Buisness and Industrial Financial Ratios (Ref. HF 5681 .R25 .A45)
2. RMA Annual Statement Studies (Ref. HF 5681 .B2 R58)
3. D&B's Industry Norms and Key Business Ratios (Ref. HF 5681 .R25 .I5...) or D&B's Key Business Ratios online.